American Volunteer Group Colours and Markings
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American Volunteer Group Colours and Markings (Osprey Aircraft of the Aces No 41)
The dimensions of the insignia are based on the diameter of the Blue field. A general rule of thumb for the placement is to be the largest size possible but not to exceed 75 percent of the vertical height of the point of application. On the wings, it normally should be located one-third of the distance from the wing tip to the fuselage. September 14, The red border stripe was eliminated from the National Aircraft Insignia and use of Insignia Blue was ordered in its place.
October 7, The optional display of the gunnery "E" was omitted from marking specifications effective this date. Provision was made for optional use of additional identification markings on combat aircraft by tactical commanders, such markings preferably to be applied with temporary paint.
This resulted in many geometric designs. June 13, A glossy International Orange band was directed to be applied around the rear fuselage of all Reserve aircraft. The width of the band was to be equal to the outside diameter of the blue border surrounding the National Aircraft Insignia. This band was to just touch, but not overlap, the blue border. November 7, A letter identification system for marking all Navy and Marine Corps aircraft, including those of the Training Command and the Naval Air Reserve, was adopted and letters were assigned to all carriers, wings, groups and squadrons of the operating forces.
January 2, Display of unit identification letters was ordered on both sides of the vertical fin and rudder and on the upper right and lower left wing surfaces near the wing tips, thus requiring the relocation of several standard markings. The model designation-branch of service-serial number grouping was moved from the vertical fin to the fuselage midway between the forward point of the horizontal stabilizer and the lowest point of the fuselage.
The unit aircraft number was moved from the rudder and fin to-the fuselage forward of the National Aircraft Insignia, except on patrol planes where it was placed aft, and also placed on the upper right and lower left wing surfaces inboard of the identification letters. Additional optional locations were specified as on each side of the upper half of the nose and on landing gear fairings. The space for optional display of squadron insignia was moved to a point below the cockpit rim and forward of the windshield.
Display of unit decorations and campaign ribbons, arranged in a vertical row below the space reserved for squadron insignia, was also optional. January 14, A horizontal red stripe, centered on the white horizontal bar, was added to the National Aircraft Insignia.
February 28, A modification of the letter identification system provided that shorebased aircraft of units and stations, to which letters had not been assigned, would display the air station name or unit title in its place. May 1, Changes in aircraft marking specifications made mandatory the use of distinguishing colors for squadrons of a carrier air group on the propeller spinner and across the top of the vertical fin and rudder, assigning Insignia Red, Insignia White, Light Blue, Light Yellow, Light Green, and Black outlined in White respectively for squadrons one through six of each carrier group.
Painting of arresting hooks in alternate four inch Size of Branch of Service, Model Designation, was increased to two inches 5. Aircraft Serial Number was increased to 4 inches The new specifications also provided for the optional use of the Marine Corps emblem in place of, but not in addition to a squadron insignia, and the display of the abbreviated rank and last name of the pilot on both sides of the fuselage under the cockpit rim.
February 1, l A specific block letter alphabet was shown for the first time. This style has remained in effect to the present time. May 12, Branch of service markings -- "NAVY" or "MARINES" -- were greatly increased in size and moved to the fuselage just forward of the empennage and additionally placed outboard on the under surface of the left wing. Squadron designation was added and located on the fuselage, centered under Branch of Service, and one-half the height of Branch of Service.
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Unit Identification Letters on the under surface of the left wing were moved to the under surface of the right wing, midway between the National Aircraft Insignia and the fuselage. Unit Aircraft Number on the lower left wing surface was reduced in size and moved inboard. June 16, Shore-based aircraft which did not have Visual Identification Letters assigned were to apply the station or unit name to the upper surface of the right wing in the location specified for the Visual Identification Letters.
It was also to be applied in smaller letters on the under surface of the right wing. The United States flag was also to be applied to both sides of the vertical fin and rudder. If used, the station name was omitted. All identification markings, including the National Aircraft Insignia, on swept-back wings was now to be applied along the 50 percent chord line.
April 1, Naval Air Reserve aircraft now were identified by two-letter designations the same as Fleet aircraft. Marine Air Reserve had been doing this since January 12, All the exterior markings remained. However, they were reduced in size and were to be the contrasting shade of gray to the background to which applied. In the case of Marine Corps aircraft in the land camouflage scheme, the markings were to be flat Black. The best reference source for a more in depth study on Navy and Marine Corps aircraft markings and color schemes is Mr.
John M. Elliott's set of four volumes on the subject. It is the most authorative and in-depth study on the subject.
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- American Volunteer Group Colours and Markings No. 41.
The four books are: The Official Monogram U. The Official Monogram U. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links None of your libraries hold this item. Found at these bookshops Searching - please wait We were unable to find this edition in any bookshop we are able to search.
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Public Private login e. Add a tag Cancel Flying Tigers. Lists What are lists? Product Highlights No aircraft markings in history are more iconic than the distinctive shark's mouths applied to the noses of American Volunteer Group and 23rd Fighter Group Ps and Ps that fought in the skies over Asia during World War II.
This book covers the camouflage and markings of the fighters they flew, including the first detailed account of the progr.
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About This Item We aim to show you accurate product information. Manufacturers, suppliers and others provide what you see here, and we have not verified it. See our disclaimer. This book covers the camouflage and markings of the fighters they flew, including the first detailed account of the progr No aircraft markings in history are more iconic than the distinctive shark's mouths applied to the noses of American Volunteer Group and 23rd Fighter Group Ps and Ps that fought in the skies over Asia during World War II.
This book covers the camouflage and markings of the fighters they flew, including the first detailed account of the progression of markings changes made by the 23rd FG throughout the war, as well as the combat history of these legendary units. It features over rare period photographs, plus 32 fully researched, full-color plates showing different aircraft types employed by the units across different camouflage patterns, with very detailed captions and reference photos.
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